The Main metropolis was first mentioned on 22 February 794 in a document of Charlemagne. However, there is proof that the cathedral hill has been under continuous settlement since as early as 3000 BC. At the same place, a Roman military camp was established around 83 AD.
In 843, Frankfurt became at times the most important royal palatinate of the Eastern Franconians and the site of parliaments. In 1220, Frankfurt became a free imperial city. From 1356 onwards, the Golden Bull declared Frankfurt as the permanent city of choice for the Roman kings.
From 1562, the Emperor was also crowned in Frankfurt. After the end of the Holy Roman Empire, Frankfurt joined the Confederation of the Rhine and became the capital of a short-lived (1810-1813) grand duchy of Frankfurt. In 1815, Frankfurt became a free city and the seat of the federal government.
In 1848, the March revolution broke out in the German states. As a symbol of reconciliation, the Franco-Prussian war was officially ended in 1871 with the Peace of Frankfurt.
Between 1879 and 1926 important institutions such as the Stock Exchange (1879), the Old Opera (1880), the central station (1888), the University (1914) and the first Frankfurt airport (1926) were built.
Under the National Socialist regime, 9000 Jews were deported from Frankfurt. In World War Two, aerial attacks destroyed almost all of the old and central parts of the city. However, the cityscape that was practically completely in the medieval style up to 1944 – which in this form was unique for a German city at this time – was lost during the modern reconstruction of the city.
After the end of the war, the occupying American forces set up their headquarters on today’s University West End Campus in the city. Frankfurt then became the administrative headquarters of the trizone. In the post-war period, the city again developed into a business metropolis and in 1998 became the seat of the European Central Bank.
To learn more about Frankfurts history you may visit the “Historische Museum in Frankfurt” which is free of charge for all conference participants or join one of Frankfurts sightsee tours, or a river cruise. Please find below further information:
Frankfurt is one of the cultural centers of Europe and offers its visitors and inhabitants a rich cultural landscape including a broad variety of world famous museums, modern galleries and state of the art theatres.
Frankfurts Museums density offers a broad variety of museums including the Städel Museum of Modern Art, the Schirn Contemporary Art Gallery or the famous “Museumshore” right across the city center. Discover the Frankfurt Museums landscape for free and on your own! The conference admission includes a Museums Pass which allows you to visit 32 different Museums in Frankfurt, Bad Homburg and Offenbach during the Conference duration (Please note that the RMV- Conference-Pass does not cover visits to Bad Homburg)! Below you find a list of Museums which are included in:
- Altana Kulturstiftung im Sinclair-Haus, Bad Homburg
- Archäologisches Museum
- Bibelhaus am Museumsufer- Erlebnismuseum
- Caricatura Museum
- Deutsches Architekturmuseum
- Deutsches Filmmuseum / Deutsches Filminstitut – DIF e.V.
- Deutsches Ledermuseum, Offenbach
- Dommuseum Frankfurt
- Explora Museum
- Fotografie Forum
- Frankfurter Kunstverein
- Geldmuseum der Deutschen Bundesbank*
- Goethe-Museum / Goethe-Haus
- Haus der Stadtgeschichte, Offenbach
- Historisches Museum inkl. Kronberger Haus
- Institut für Stadtgeschichte
- Jüdisches Museum
- Klingspor Museum, Offenbach
- Liebieghaus - Skulpturensammlung
- Museum der Weltkulturen
- Museum für Angewandte Kunst Frankfurt
- Museum für Kommunikation
- Museum für Moderne Kunst
- Museum Giersch
- Museum Judengasse
- Rosenheim-Museum, Offenbach
- Schirn Kunsthalle Frankfurt
- Senckenberg - Forschungsinstitut und Naturmuseum
- Städel Museum
- Stoltze-Museum der Frankfurter Sparkasse
For further information click here.
In relation to its size Frankfurt has a vast array of cultural offerings. More than 100 times a week the curtain rises on shows and concerts on more than 20 stages and for about 30 independent groups . Performances include concerts, opera, operettas, musicals, shows, variety theatre as well as cabaret. Click here to find out more about Plays and concerts in Frankfurt.
Dinning and Nightlife
Frankfurt was recently awarded by the New York Times as one of the “52 places to go to” (12th rank). The Times journalists were amazed by the “infusion of hip night life” and its culinary opportunities. Frankfurt contains 12 award winning Guide MICHELIN Restaurants as well as a vast variety of both modern fusion-food inspired Restaurants as well as old fashioned tweedy apple cider Taverns. Discover culinary Frankfurt, it’s worth it!
For example in the hip Berger- or Schweizerstraße or traditional and old fashioned in Sachsenhausen. The choice is all yours!
Yet that’s not all there is! Once the sun has set there is more to discover either with a cocktail, or a glass of German wine in a fancy bar, or relaxed at the Main River in a Beer garden enjoying the skyline at night.
Click here for further information.